History of Flores Island – East Nusa Tenggara

flores islandFlores is the name of an island in East Nusa Tenggara Province – Indonesia. Flores name was taken from the Portuguese “Copa de Flores” which means “Cape of Flowers”. This name was given by S.M.Cabot to mention the most eastern region of the island of Flores. This name was officially adopted since 1636 by the Governor General of the Dutch East Indies Hendrik Brouwer. Flores name is already taken nearly four centuries. Through an in-depth study enough Orinbao (1969) original name of the island of Flores is Nusa Nipa which means Snake Island.
History shows that the Flores people of this island is inhabited by various ethnic groups. Each ethnic occupies a particular area complete with social and cultural institutions and ideologies that bind members of the community as a whole (Barlow, 1989; Taum, 1997b). In terms of language and culture, ethnic Flores (Keraf, 1978; Fernandez, 1996) are as follows:
• Ethnic Manggarai – Riung (which includes Manggarai language groups, Pae, Mbai, Rajong, and Mbaen);
• Ethnic Ngadha-Lio (consisting of a group of languages Rangga, Maung, Ngadha, Nage, Keo, Palue, Ende and Lio);
• Ethnic Mukang (includes language Sikka, Krowe, Mukang and Muhang);
• Ethnic Lamaholot (includes language groups Lamaholot West, Lamaholot East and Central Lamaholot);
• Ethnic Kedang (which is used in the southern part of the island of Lembata).
Society is part of the West Manggarai Manggarai community. In the reform era, Manggarai change, by splitting the territory into Manggarai and West Manggarai. These changes occurred in 2003. Expansion of the region aims to improve the public service. So historically between communities Manggarai and West Manggarai can not be separated between the two.
Manggarai communities (including communities of West Manggarai) is part of the six ethnic groups on the island of Flores as described above. Manggarai is part of Manggarai Riung. In traditional societies Manggarai including West Manggarai consists of 38 kedaluan (hameente), namely: Ruteng, Rahong, Ndoso, Kolang, Lelak, Wotong, Todo, Pongkir, Pocoleok, Sita, Torokgolo, Ronggakoe, Kepo, Manus, Rimu, Welak, girlfriend , Reho, Bari, Pasat, Nggalak, Ruis, Reo, Cibal, Lambaleda, Congkar, Biting, Pota, Rembong, Rajong, Ngoo, Mburak, Kempo, Boleng, Matawae, Lo’o and Bajo. Kedaluan sprout from every ancient myth or story about the origin of his ancestors with a lot in common, that is how his ancestors came from the sea / across, how his ancestors came down from the mountain, spread and develop life and the lives of their ancient.