KOMODO NATIONAL PARK
Komodo National Park is located in western part of Flores island that come into West manggarai Regency – East of Nusa Tenggara Province. Total areas of this National Park are 173,300 Ha. It was designated to be a National Park by the Government of Indonesia in 1980 and the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991. Komodo National Park is the home for varanus Komodoensis the giant lizard in the world. Not only the giant lizard called Komodo or Ora by local peoples the conditions around the National Park are unique where there are coastal ecosystem, mangrove ecosystem, grassland / pasture ecosystem, tropical rain forest ecosystem, sea ecosystem and savanna ecosystem. Beautiful coral and home for more then 1,000 species of fish makes this National Park and surrounded to be one of the best diving spot in the world. Batu Bolong is the famous spot for divers lover.
Komodo, Rinca and Padar islands are the Komodo National Park’s main islands. In Rinca island there are 2,400 komodo dragons live here and 2,800 in komodo island.
Rinca, Padar and Komodo island also home for :
– Numerous species of birds including sulfur crested coctatoos, imperial pigeons, black-naped orioles, sunbirds, egrets, frigate birds, quail, black drongos and exotic mound-building megapodes.
– A variety of mammals-including wild herds of small sandalwood horses, wild pigs, crab-eating macaques, buffalo, timor deer, flying foxes and feral dogs,
– Reptiles representing a range of small lizard and geckos, two species of frogsa, green snakes, cobras and vipers.
– Tropical flora of an almost countless variety including several species of wild orchids, epiphytes, acacia, stag horn ferns, gebang palm, lontar palms, bamboo, wild kapok trees, soursop, tamarind and custard trees.
There are 4 villages around intensive zone of this National Parks, Komodo village, rinca village, Kerora village and papagaran village with 4,251 populations live here until 2010 and the majority of peoples are living as fisherman.
The most visitors enter who visit the park are via the ranger station at Loh Liang in Komodo island and Loh Buaya in Rinca island. Park rangers who must accompany all the visitors to the park ensure safety while at the same time providing a source of encyclopedic knowledge on the many natural wonders found along the park pathways.
KOMODO NATIONAL PARK